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Pantheon of Rome: how to visit in Italy

Post updated on 1/10/2022

Pantheon of Rome: how to visit in Italy – Known as one of the greatest works of roman architecture and one of most preserved in Rome old, the Pantheon is an unmissable attraction for anyone visiting the Italian capital. We visited the monument the first time we were in the city, when we spent 3 days reliving the most incredible stories of our humanity.


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History of the Pantheon in Rome

The famous Pantheon in Rome is actually called Agrippa’s Pantheon. Built by Emperor Hadrian in the year 126, it got its name because it was rebuilt on the same site as the ancient Pantheon of Agrippa (commissioned by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa).

The old one, dating from 27 BC, was destroyed in a fire in the year 80 AD.

Originally created to be a temple of worship to the Roman gods, the Pantheon of Rome was donated to Pope Boniface IV in the 7th century and became a Catholic church dedicated to “Saint Mary and the Martyrs”.

Interior of the Pantheon in Rome
Interior of the Pantheon in Rome

Even today, the place is used for masses and weddings.

pantheon of rome
pantheon of rome

Structure: what to see inside the Pantheon

The Pantheon has a circular structure with a dome that is still the largest unreinforced concrete (no support whatsoever) in the world. It is 43.3 meters in height and in circumference.

This format was designed so that each god would have a space with the same treatment and importance.

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This can be seen on the walls inside, where the seven gods linked to the planets (Sun, Moon, Venus, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury and Mars) are stamped.

pantheon of rome
pantheon of rome

In the center of the dome there is an opening nine meters in diameter through which natural light passes, as there are no windows in the structure.

And in addition to light, it also rains, of course. Therefore, to avoid flooding, the floor is convex and there are several drains to drain the water that enters the place.

Monument dome eyepiece
Monument dome eyepiece

In front of the door (which measures seven meters high), there are 16 granite columns with 14 meters high each.

All of them were brought from Egypt.

Entrance to the Pantheon in Rome - door measures seven meters high
Entrance to the Pantheon in Rome – door measures seven meters high
Seven meter door at the entrance to the Roman Pantheon
Seven meter door at the entrance to the Roman Pantheon
Detail of the facade of the monument
Detail of the facade of the monument
Egyptian columns in front of the monument
Egyptian columns in front of the monument

Inside there are also altars and various works of art.

Altar in the Pantheon in Rome
Altar in the Pantheon in Rome
Pantheon in Rome - inside
Pantheon of Rome – inside

tombs

In addition to being a church, since the Renaissance, the Pantheon has served as a tomb.

The painter Raphael and two kings of Italy (Vitor Emanuel II and Humberto I), for example, are buried at the site.

Tomb of King Vittorio Emanuele
Tomb of King Vittorio Emanuele

Where is the Pantheon of Rome (Agrippa’s Pantheon): Piazza della Rotonda

The Pantheon in Rome is located in Piazza della Rotonda. This is a very charming square that still houses cafes and restaurants.

ENJOY to read our tips with 20 must-see squares in Rome.

Piazza della Rotonda in Rome
Piazza della Rotonda in Rome
View of Piazza della Rotonda
View of Piazza della Rotonda

Dating back to 1575, this 2400 square meter square is in front of the famous Pantheon in Rome.

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Legend has it that the Pantheon was built on the same spot where the founder of Rome (Romulus) was taken to heaven (among the gods) by an eagle.

In addition to the building, another highlight of the square is a 16th century fountain with an Egyptian obelisk six meters high in the middle.

The obelisk was built by Ramses II.

Fountain in front of the Roman Pantheon
Fountain in front of the Roman Pantheon

Petals at the Pantheon in Rome

One of the most traditional celebrations in Rome takes place inside the Pantheon.

On the day of Pentecost, 50 days after Easter, firefighters throw thousands of red rose petals through the hole (the oculus) in the dome.

They say it is a very beautiful event that takes place after mass.

Useful information

It works: daily – from 8:30 to 19:30 | Sunday – 9 am to 6 pm
Address: Piazza della Rotonda
Telephone: +39 06 6830 0230
Value: free

read others posts about Italy and the Vatican:

1 – Logbook: 1 day in Venice.
2 – Logbook: 2 days in Florence.
3 – Logbook: 3 days in Rome.

4 – 1 day itinerary in Venice, Italy.
5 – 2-day itinerary in Florence.
6 – Itinerary of 3 days in Rome.

Venice

1 – What to do in Venice: 47 attractions
2 – Vaporetto in Venice: how to get around Venice.
3 – Hotels in Venice: 5 tips on where to stay in Venice.
4 – Saint Mark’s Belfry in Venice: Is it worth going up?
5 – St. Mark’s Basilica in Venice: how to visit.
6 – St. Mark’s Square: the heart of Venice, Italy.
7 – Rialto Bridge: the oldest in Venice.

Pomegranate

1 – What to do in Rome: 35 attractions tips.
2 – Transfer in Rome in Portuguese: Elmocar.
3 – Roman Forum: a nice surprise in Rome.
4 – Trevi Fountain: how to visit in Rome.
5 – Squares of Rome: 20 must-see places in Rome.
6 – Pantheon of Rome: how to visit in Italy.
7 – Coliseum in Rome with mamis: how to visit.
8 – Italian summer: beaches near Rome.

Florence

1- What to do in Florence: 40 attractions.

Vatican

1 – How to see the Pope in the Vatican.
2 – Vatican: 6 attractions to visit.
3 – Vatican Museums: how to visit.
4 – Sistine Chapel: how to visit the Vatican.
5 – St. Peter’s Basilica: how to visit the Vatican.

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